EXPRESS #1 - October 9, 2018
Both the Dutch and Danish governments have announced ambitious EV plans.
The Dutch government wants to compel lease companies to convert their fleets to 100% electric cars. It also intends to increase taxes on fossil cars and is considering a subsidy on the purchase of second-hand EVs. (Link in Dutch.) It will also see to it that energy companies and municipalities create a country-wide network of fast-charging stations. The government has reiterated that it wants all new cars to be emission free by 2030.
Danish Prime Minister Rasmussen said on 2 October that Denmark will end sales of new diesel and gasoline cars in 2030. He wants every new car in Denmark to be electric or zero-emission by 2035. “This means that by 2030 there will be more than 1 million hybrid, electric or equivalent green cars in Denmark”, Rasmussen said.
Jesper Berggreen of Cleantechnica.com writes that the announcement by Rasmussen “was something of a surprise”. Berggreen notes that in particular the number 1 million was a surprise “because only a few days earlier the Danish Council on Climate Change released a report recommending a total of 500,000 electric cars by 2030 to pave the way to the end goal of a fossil fuel free nation by 2050.”
The report itself “includes comprehensive information and predictions on the development of electric vehicle sales in the country”, notes Berggreen. It also contains calculations showing that EVs have only half the emissions of fossil fuel cars:
Berggreen points out that these calculations assume a lifetime of any car to be 200,000 km, whereas “it is in no way reasonable to assume electric cars will last only as long as internal combustion engines and drivetrains an order of magnitude more complicated and service-demanding.”
He adds that “Tesla is aiming for a 1 million mile guarantee on its motors. We are not talking probable lifetime here, we are talking factory guarantee only. We have seen 100,000-mile guarantee on internal combustion engines sure, and those engines can probably run for 300,000 miles before they are scrapped. But, with electric motors, we are talking millions of miles a piece, with one moving part.”
The German government, meanwhile, has announced it wants to invest €2 billion in two battery gigafactories, reports Cleantechnica. “A further €600 million would be allocated for a research factory, together with the Fraunhofer Association, to support future battery cell development and innovation. The Ministry of Economics and Technology is joining forces with the Federal Ministry of Research to put together a proposal for the Cabinet to review, on which they will vote on October 19th.”
Over the past ten years, Germany has invested around €500 million into battery cell research, but until now nothing much has come of it, notes Cleantechnica. “Chancellor Angela Merkel has also been in favour of battery cell development, but major German manufacturers have been reluctant to jump on board and are perhaps more dependent than ever on Asian suppliers. Both BMW and VW recently committed to CATL, a Chinese battery manufacturer which now has plans to build its own industrial-sized factory in Europe next year (probably Eastern Germany, Erfurt). However, VW CEO Herbert Diess has been pushing the company to go electric and invest in batteries, and is allegedly looking into in house battery production.”
Merkel recently said that “If China is opening the first battery cell production here, then that is nice. Then battery cells are being made in Europe too. But I don’t know whether it was our dream that we cannot do that ourselves in the European Union.” She continued, “I am still advocating that we develop the strategic ability to produce battery cells too. I believe that will be extremely important in the next decades.”
One of the locations for Altmaier’s proposed factories may be in Lusatia, which borders with Poland, making cross-border collaboration a big possibility, writes Cleantechnica.” The area was known for its major role in the coal industry and so this facility and the production of clean alternatives could help bring the region back into play.”
Another report on Cleantechnica notes that German company Hubject and Star Charge China have announced a partnership they say will lead to the largest open platform charging network in the world. Combined, the two companies will have more than 100,000 charge points available to customers in China, Europe, and the US.
On its website, Hubject says, “With more than 300 partners, the Hubject platform is the biggest international digital B2B market place for services related to the charging of electric vehicles. More than 55,000 charge points on three continents are connected to the open Hubject platform.”
The partnership will provide Star Charge China with entry into the European charging market and strengthen Hubject’s presence in China, where it already has an office in Shanghai, according to a report in Electric & Hybrid Vehicle Technology.
In other EV charging news: “Electrify America will invest $800 million over 10 years to expand EV charging infrastructure in California. The four phase plan kicked off last year with the addition of charging stations to the Golden State’s largest urban areas. Phase I is due to be completed by next summer but Electrify America has already begun making plans for Phase II which will run from July, 2018 through December, 2021.”
And: “Researchers at North Carolina State University have engineered a new fast charger they say is one tenth the size of conventional equipment and is also more efficient. At present, their prototype is limited to 50 kW of power, but plans are afoot to boost that up to as much as 350 kW.”
Professor Srdjan Srdic says a conventional 50 kW fast charger includes a distribution transformer that weighs as much as 2,200 lbs plus a separate fast charger unit